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China 5G Opens Business: Regret and Persistence Behind Passion
This day is destined to be remembered by history. On October 31, at the opening ceremony of the 2019 China International Information and Communication Exhibition (hereinafter referred to as pt Exhibition), Vice Minister of Industry and Information Technology Chen Zhaoxiong, China Mobile, China Unicom and China Telecom jointly launched the 5g commercial ceremony, which marked the formal entry of China into the 5g commercial era. 5g, coverage is worrying, but it's nothing. With the official opening of 5g business, 5g supporting service measures have been launched simultaneously. 5g tariffs, network coverage, terminals and other 5g services have become the focus of attention. China Telecom, China Mobile and China Unicom all said they would open 5g services in 50 cities. Including municipalities directly under the central government, provincial capitals and cities under separate state planning. So, what about 5g actual signal? The day before 5g was launched for commercial use, Tencent News "Shallow View" conducted on-site speed measurement of 5g networks in many places in Beijing. According to the data results, the highest downlink rate is 1617mbps, and the lowest is 75mbps. The maximum uplink rate is 139mbps and the minimum is 7.65mbps. The theoretical downlink speed of 5g network is 10gb/s (equivalent to 1.25gb download speed). From the visual observation of measured data, there is no doubt that the high-speed rate of 5g network is 10 times or higher than that of the existing 4g network. This means that it takes only a few seconds to download a high definition movie now, and watching 4k movies in real time has almost no Catton. However, the problem is also highlighted. From the numerical point of view, the speed is not very stable, high and low, and the speed of some measuring points is even lower than 4g. There are also many reasons, mainly the coverage is not in place. Secondly, 5g network is still in the initial stage, and based on nsa networking, operators simultaneously operate 2g, 3g, 4g and 5g networks, making debugging more difficult and time consuming than before. Speaking at the pt Opening Ceremony, Chen Zhaoxiong said that China's 5g business process has accelerated, with contiguous coverage in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Hangzhou and other urban areas. It is expected that more than 130,000 5g base stations will be opened by the end of the year. China Telecom also announced the official opening of 5g sa commercial network in Shenzhen. Obviously, the three major telecom operators are speeding up the construction of 5g network. Today's 4g network covers 99% of the country's population and is not completed in one day. From early 2g phone calls cost more than 10 yuan per minute, 3g Internet access costs hundreds of yuan, 4g Internet access costs tens of yuan, to today's 5g Internet access, 1g traffic is less than 5 yuan. With the change of communication technology in each generation, the corresponding tariff affects all people. This time the three major operators introduced 5g charges, the minimum monthly rent for the package is 128 yuan, and the maximum is 599 yuan. From the price point of view, the threshold is higher than 4g, but it also contains more traffic. Flow varies from 30g to 300g. Is the 5g charge expensive or not? It is still too early to draw a conclusion. After all, it is still at the initial stage of 5g network construction, and there is still much room for tariff reduction. For the users who want to try something fresh, the 30g flow of the minimum 128 yuan package is enough. In addition, judging from the current applications and scenarios, 5g traffic consumption is almost the same as 4g, so there is no need to worry about excess. According to the 44th Statistics Report on the Development of China's Internet Network released by China Internet Network Information Center (cnnic) in August this year, users use 7.2gb of mobile traffic per month. Thanks to the overall improvement of the industrial chain, 5g terminals were launched much faster than 4g and 3g terminals. From the 3,799-yuan Xiaomi 9 pro 5g version, the 4,999-yuan Huawei mate 30 5g version to the 7,999-yuan Samsung note 10+ 5g version, users have more choices. In order to enable users to quickly experience 5g, JD.com has also introduced 5g mobile phone rental service. For the first month, if you rent 1 yuan alone, you can play the 5,689-yuan vivo nex 3 5g version. Up to now, more than 18 5g commercial mobile phones have been launched in the domestic market. The price is slightly higher than the threshold for 4g terminals, but the popularization speed of 5g terminals is much faster than we expected. Wang Xiaochu, chairman of China Unicom, revealed at the pt exhibition that 5g cell phones with a richer variety and higher cost performance will be launched early next year. China Mobile also said that it plans to launch 5g cell phones with a price range of 1,000-2,000 yuan by the end of 2020. To sum up, 5g network coverage needs to be optimized, 5g tariff threshold needs to be adjusted, and the popularization of 5g terminals needs time. 5g, high speed is only the tip of the iceberg. In fact, if 5g is evaluated only by the first high speed rate perceived by individuals at present, it is really a glimpse of the leopard. The high speed rate is only the tip of the iceberg of 5g. At this pt exhibition, the industry solution for 5g is also one of the focuses of the outside world. Due to the existence of 5g, intelligent driving is no longer science fiction and is coming to us at a faster speed. At this pt exhibition, China Unicom introduced the latest research results in the field of intelligent transportation. Five White Papers on 5g+ Intelligent Transportation Series and the 5g version of Intelligent Road Side Unit (rsu) of China Unicom's "Intelligent Road Star" Series were released. The white paper is led by China Unicom, and jointly conducts research on high-precision positioning requirements, system architecture and key technologies of vehicle networking with equipment manufacturers, car companies, Internet companies and universities, providing important references for the development of high-precision positioning technologies for vehicles. This series of white papers is the technical specification for China Unicom's core products of intelligent transportation, which greatly promotes the rapid development of intelligent driving. "5g Look at Guangzhou" A Highlight of China Telecom's pt Exhibition. Engineers operate in the field and use 5g to transmit real-time images of monitoring equipment for remote coordination. Visitors can watch the multi-directional effect display in the east, south, west and north of Guangzhou at 360 degrees, and track the vehicle license plate according to real-time cloud monitoring. With the help of high bandwidth, traditional HD cameras can seamlessly upgrade 4k and 8k image quality, and remotely realize intelligent analysis such as traffic flow statistics, vehicle license plate recognition, face recognition analysis, behavior situation awareness, etc. Relying on edge computing, video storage and analysis can be realized nearby, thus further reducing the cost of social governance and industry applications and rapidly helping users to build a safe, high-definition and low-latency video monitoring application system. Cases like this can be seen everywhere in pt exhibitions. Obviously, 5g is a mobile data transmission platform with low delay and high bandwidth besides high speed rate. Because 5g technology itself has many advantages, it is no longer limited to the traditional field of communication, but is integrated with new technologies such as big data, artificial intelligence, Internet of Things, etc. to build an ecosystem with wide social participation and cross-industry integration and innovation. At present, many 5g application scenarios have been opened up in the field of industrial manufacturing, such as remote control, unmanned driving, auxiliary operation, telemedicine, etc. 4g has established a digital connection between people and 5g is to realize the interconnection of everything. So its real charm lies in the digital revolution of the industrial internet. Just as the three elements of life in the physical world are sunshine, water and air, 5g, ai and cloud are becoming the three elements of life in the intelligent world. 5g+ Cloud +ai will drive the intelligent upgrading of cities and the digital transformation of industries, enabling thousands of businesses and bringing profound changes to everyone, every family and every organization. Huawei predicts that 5g will generate commercial value in smart media, smart education, smart grid, urban security, etc. within 1-3 years. Within 3-5 years, it will generate commercial value in the fields of automatic driving, intelligent industry, intelligent medical treatment, robots, etc. Therefore, not only do not exaggerate 5g's ability and endow 5g with magical power, but also clearly recognize 5g's positioning and understand 5g's promotion of industry digitization, so as to better play 5g's characteristics and serve the industry. Behind 5g's passion, we still need to persist and wait. 5g, China takes the lead in reviewing the past. In the 1990s, Europe took the lead in 2g. Japan pioneered 3g in the early 21st century. In 2009, China introduced its own 3g standard, —td-scdma. This is definitely a great moment, because compared with 1g and 2g, we are no longer spectators and are qualified to play. In 2011, China pushed td-lte and the world started 4g simultaneously. Today, China's 5g all-round layout has entered the first echelon of the world and is in a leading position. On June 6 this year, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued a 5g business license. In the following four and a half months of 5g trial operation, the network construction of the three major operators has been advancing steadily, 5g terminals are becoming more and more abundant, subscription users have exceeded 10 million, and 5g is maturing. Wen Ku, director of the Information and Communication Development Department of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and spokesman, said before: "5g networks and terminals in our country have entered a mature stage. This year, 5g will be deployed mainly in hot spots, major cities and other key areas. The next step in the deployment of 5g will also be in the countryside." It is understood that China started research on 5g in 2013 and will carry out technical tests on related technologies in 2016. The second phase of 5g testing will be launched in 2017, large-scale networking testing will be conducted in 2018, and 5g commercial will be officially launched in 2019, which is half a year earlier than the original plan of 2020. First, China has a good network foundation. Relevant data show that China's 4g base stations account for more than half of the world's deployment and the network covers 99% of the population. On this basis, China's 5g construction speed is bound to lead. According to the plan, more than 130,000 5g base stations will be completed by the end of this year. The second is the rise of China's communication enterprises, not only the operators but also the enterprises in the whole industrial chain. The number of applications for 5g patents and the number of standard proposals in the world by Chinese communication enterprises are among the highest in all countries. Huawei and other Chinese terminal manufacturers have introduced more than 10 5g smartphones. Finally, there is a huge market. The industry recognized that China will become the world's largest 5g market. As of June this year, China has 854 million Internet users and 847 million mobile phone users. As of September, the total number of mobile users of the three major operators is close to 1.6 billion, with the most extensive user resources. Former Chairman of China Mobile Wang Jianzhou said in an interview with overseas media that the development of China's mobile communication industry from 1g to 5g is a "process from scratch, from small to large, from weak to large". John Hoffman, chief executive officer of the Global Association of Mobile Communication Systems, also said during the 6th world internet conference not long ago: "China will lead the world in the 5g era, and China's task is to use 5g technology to benefit the world." It is true to say that the development of 5g in the world depends on China.